Prepositions: "With" in Thai
To use the word "with" in Thai is not straight forward. Depending on its grammatical function, you need to use different Thai words.
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Lingo Ninja Research Team
1 min read · published June 24, 2021 · last update June 27, 2021

With in Thai

In Thai there is no single word for "with", as the English word "with" can have different grammatical functions. These functions require the use of different words in Thai. Let's go through the functions of "with" one by one:
  • people being together - e.g. I went with him
  • instruments used - e.g. I fixed it with my hands
  • include something - the car comes with insurance

People being together

To talk about people being together, you use the word กับ with
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:

Examples

He walks with me
เขา he; she, they
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เดิน walk
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กับ with
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ฉัน I (for women; informal)
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Literally: he - walk - with - I

I speak to him. / I speak with him
ฉัน I (for women; informal)
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พูด speak, talk
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กับ with
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เขา he; she, they
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Literally: I - speak - with - he

Instrument used

To indicate the instrument used, two patterns are used:
  • [subject] + [verb] + [object] + ด้วย request word; also, too
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    + instrument
  • [subject] + ใช้ use
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    + instrument + [verb] + [object]

Examples

I washed my hands with soap
ฉัน I (for women; informal)
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ล้าง clean, wash
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มือ hand
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ด้วย request word; also, too
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สบู่ soap
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Literally: I - wash - hand - with - soap

I washed my hands with soap
ฉัน I (for women; informal)
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ใช้ use
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สบู่ soap
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ล้าง clean, wash
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มือ hand
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Literally: I - use - soap - wash - hand

Include something

To express that something includes something else, or that someone is holding or carrying something, or that things happen at the same time, we use พร้อมกับ together with, at the same time
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:
  • [subject] [verb] [object 1] พร้อมกับ together with, at the same time
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    [object 2]

Examples

Take medicine with food.
กิน eat
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ยา drug, medicine
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พร้อมกับ together with, at the same time
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อาหาร food
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Literally: eat - medicine - with - food

He comes at the same time as I.
เขา he; she, they
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มา come, arrive
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พร้อมกับ together with, at the same time
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ฉัน I (for women; informal)
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Literally: he - come - with/at the same time - I
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