This and That in Thai
Thai has not only "this" and "that", but also a third word: "that one over there"
Content
Lingo Ninja Research Team
1 min read · published June 19, 2021 · last update July 7, 2021

3 Thai demonstrative pronouns นี่, นั่น, โน่น

Unlike English, which has 4 demonstrative pronouns (this, that, these, those), Thai has three:

Examples

This is pretty
นี่ this; here
See in Dictionary
สวย pretty / beautiful (for girls/women)
See in Dictionary

Literally: this - pretty

Whose is that (over there)?
โน่น that over there
See in Dictionary
ของ of
See in Dictionary
ใคร who; who
See in Dictionary

Literally: that over there - of - who?

3 Thai demonstrative modifiers นี้, นั้น, โน้น

There are also three demonstrative modifiers, which are extremely similar:
A simple rule
In most cases, นี่ this; here
See in Dictionary
, นั่น that / there
See in Dictionary
, and โน่น that over there
See in Dictionary
take the place of the noun (e.g. นี่ this; here
See in Dictionary
สวย pretty / beautiful (for girls/women)
See in Dictionary
"this is pretty"). 

On the other hand, นี้ this
See in Dictionary
, นั้น that, those
See in Dictionary
, and โน้น that over there (a distant object)
See in Dictionary
  are put after the noun and classifier (E.g. บ้าน house, home
See in Dictionary
หลัง house; at the back; back (of a body or person)
See in Dictionary
นี้ this
See in Dictionary
สวย pretty / beautiful (for girls/women)
See in Dictionary
"this house is pretty"). Unfortunately, this is not a strict rule and there are many exceptions.

Examples

This house is pretty
บ้าน house, home
See in Dictionary
หลัง house; at the back; back (of a body or person)
See in Dictionary
นี้ this
See in Dictionary
สวย pretty / beautiful (for girls/women)
See in Dictionary

Literally: house - classifier - this - pretty

Common phrases

Here you are (when giving something)
นี่ this; here
See in Dictionary
ไง how; as a response, when the responder thinks the statement is obvious/self-evident
See in Dictionary

Literally: this - how

That's right! / Exactly! / That's it!
นั่น that / there
See in Dictionary
สิ for emphasis
See in Dictionary

Literally: that - emphasis

Even so
แต่ but; only
See in Dictionary
นั่น that / there
See in Dictionary
แหละ particle for emphasis
See in Dictionary

Literally: but - that - emphasis
Thai Grammar Online
Share article:
content_copy
more_horiz
written by
Lingo Ninja Research Team
Visit The best way to learn Thai