Locations and Directions in Thai
How to describe locations and give directions
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Lingo Ninja Research Team
3 min read · published June 22, 2021

Here and There in Thai

The Thai language uses 3 words for here and there:
The above words consist of the preposition ที่ at (for locations)
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(at) and the words นี่ this; here
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, นั่น that / there
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, โน่น that over there
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(this, that and that over there).

To indicate locations, อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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(to be located at) is used.
Note: อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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means "to be located at", but also "to live at".

Examples

I am here. / I live here.
ฉัน I (for women; informal)
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อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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ที่นี่ here
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Literally: I - located - here

He is over there.  He lives over there.
เขา he; she, they
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อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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ที่โน่น over there
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Literally: he - located - over there

Simple locations

To indicate simple locations, the following patterns are used:

Examples

He is at home
เขา he; she, they
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อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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ที่ at (for locations)
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บ้าน house, home
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Literally: he - located - at - home

He is at home
เขา he; she, they
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อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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บ้าน house, home
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Literally: he - located - home

He lives in Thailand. / He is in Thailand.
เขา he; she, they
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อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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ที่ at (for locations)
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เมือง city
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ไทย Thai; Thailand
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Literally: he - live - at - country - Thai

He lives in Thailand. / He is in Thailand.
เขา he; she, they
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อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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เมือง city
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ไทย Thai; Thailand
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Literally: he - live - country - Thai

In, outside, on, under, in front, behind, ...

Prepositions of location in Thai are:
Note: For the prepositions starting with ข้าง side, a single object in a pair
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, ข้าง side, a single object in a pair
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can be dropped when the preposition refers to a noun. But if no noun follows the preposition, ข้าง side, a single object in a pair
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cannot be dropped.

Examples

(It is) in the car
อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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ข้าง side, a single object in a pair
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ใน in, inside
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รถ Vehicle
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Literally: located - side - in - car

(It is) in the car
อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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ใน in, inside
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รถ Vehicle
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Literally: located - in - car

He is outside the car
เขา he; she, they
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อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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นอก outside
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รถ Vehicle
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Literally: he - located - outside - car

(It is) inside. (ข้าง side, a single object in a pair
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can't be dropped)

อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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ข้าง side, a single object in a pair
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ใน in, inside
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Literally: located - side - in

(It is) outside. (ข้าง side, a single object in a pair
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can't be dropped)

อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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ข้าง side, a single object in a pair
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นอก outside
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Literally: located - side - outside

Left and right

Left and right are prefixed with ทาง way
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(=way) or ข้าง side, a single object in a pair
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(=side). มือ hand
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(=hand) can be appended to express the left/right-hand side.:

Examples

(It is) on the right.
อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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ทาง way
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ขวา right
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Literally: located - way - right

(It is) on the right-hand side.
อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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ทาง way
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ขวา right
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มือ hand
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Literally: located - way - right - hand

(It is) on the right side.
อยู่ is (located at); live (at); happening now
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ข้าง side, a single object in a pair
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ขวา right
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Literally: located - way - right

Prepositions of location applied to time 

For time (e.g. within 5 days), the prefix ภาย location, time
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is used (mainly in written language):

Examples

within five days
ภาย location, time
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ใน in, inside
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ห้า 5
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วัน day
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Literally: time - in - five - day

(I will) not do this in the future
ไม่ no, not
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ทำ do, make, cook
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อีก repeatedly, after a time; more
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ใน in, inside
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ภาย location, time
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หน้า front; next, upcoming; face; page
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Literally: not - do - more - in - time - forward

(I) will pay later
จะ will (in the future)
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จ่าย pay
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ภาย location, time
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หลัง house; at the back; back (of a body or person)
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Literally: will - pay - time - back

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