How Much Do You Love Me? (Questions of Degree in Thai)
How long ...? How heavy ...? How much ...? How many ...? Learn how to ask these questions in Thai, see examples and understand the patterns behind them.
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Lingo Ninja Research Team
4 min read · published May 16, 2021 · last update June 16, 2021

Questions of Degree vs. Questions of Manner

"How...?" questions need to be separated into 2 types of questions, that behave quite differently:
  1. Questions of Degree
  2. Questions of Manner
Questions of Degree ask to quantify something about the subject. In English, they usually start like 
  • How long...?
  • How short...?
  • How much...?
  • How many...?
Questions of Manner, on the contrary, ask how something is done. In English, they look like 
  • How to...?
  • How do you...?
Questions of Manner are covered in the article How Do You Say...? (Questions of Manner in Thai)

Questions of Degree in Thai

There are different patterns for questions of degree in the Thai language. Click on the yellow words to hear the sound:
We wrote a shorter article on Seven Ways to Ask for the Price in Thai. Please read that, if you are only interested in this aspect.

Let's go through the patterns above one by one.

Note: The Thai language uses special words, so-called polite particles, to convey politeness. These are words like คะ question for women
See in Dictionary
and ครับ polite word for men
See in Dictionary
. All other examples in this article drop the polite particles to keep the examples short and gender-neutral - but you should NOT do that in real life. Please always use polite particles. To learn more, please read our article on Thai polite particles.

How much in Thai

This question has a very simple pattern:
  • [object] + เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
    See in Dictionary
    ? (formal/written Thai)
  • [object] + เท่าไร how much
    See in Dictionary
    ? (colloquial / spoken Thai)
This question form always asks for the price of an object, similar to "how much does it cost?".

You can use either เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
or เท่าไร how much
See in Dictionary
, both are correct. But เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
is more formal. In the rest of this article we will only use เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
, although again, both words can be used.

Examples

Q: How much is this?
     อัน general quantifier for small objects
See in Dictionary
นี้ this
See in Dictionary
เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: Thing - this - how much?

Q: How much (did) you buy (this for)?
     คุณ Ms, Mrs, Mr; you
See in Dictionary
ซื้อ buy
See in Dictionary
เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: You - buy - how much?

Q: How much discount (can you give)?
     ลด discount
See in Dictionary
ได้ can; get
See in Dictionary
เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: Discount- can - how much?

Q: How much (does) she sell the house (for)?
     เธอ she; you
See in Dictionary
ขาย sell
See in Dictionary
บ้าน house, home
See in Dictionary
เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: She - sell - house - how much?

How long/high/heavy/old/... in Thai

The pattern is the following:
  • [object] + [dimension] + เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
    See in Dictionary
    ?
What is a [dimension]?
In English you ask "How long...?", "How far...?", "How old...?", "How expensive...?" something is.  The words long, far, old, expensive are the dimension of the object you want to explore.  We use the placeholder [dimension] for that.

Examples

Q: How much is this?
     อัน general quantifier for small objects
See in Dictionary
นี้ this
See in Dictionary
ราคา price
See in Dictionary
เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: Thing - this - price - how much?

Q: How heavy is this?
     อัน general quantifier for small objects
See in Dictionary
นี้ this
See in Dictionary
หนัก heavy (heavy weight)
See in Dictionary
เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: Thing - this - heavy - how much?

Q: How tall is this?
     อัน general quantifier for small objects
See in Dictionary
นี้ this
See in Dictionary
สูง tall (height: people, mountains, …)
See in Dictionary
เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: Thing - this - tall - how much?

Q: How far is the restaurant?
     ร้าน shop, store
See in Dictionary
อาหาร food
See in Dictionary
ไกล far
See in Dictionary
เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: Shop - food- far - how much?

Q: How old are you?
     คุณ Ms, Mrs, Mr; you
See in Dictionary
อายุ to be of an age (e.g. to be 20 years old)
See in Dictionary
เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: You - age - how much?
Note: To ask for the age of objects, you use นาน a long time
See in Dictionary
. This is also used for asking a duration of time (how long...?). Read more in the article When?/How long? in Thai

How many in Thai

To ask "How many" in Thai, you use the word กี่ how many
See in Dictionary
. But similar to English, you need to specify the unit (in English for example "How many years, how many days, how many people, etc.
The answer usually consists of a number and the same unit:
  • [number] + [unit]

Examples

Q: How many Baht is this?
     อัน general quantifier for small objects
See in Dictionary
นี้ this
See in Dictionary
กี่ how many
See in Dictionary
บาท Baht (currency of Thailand)
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: Thing - this - how many - Baht?
A:  Five Baht.
      ห้า 5
See in Dictionary
บาท Baht (currency of Thailand)
See in Dictionary

      Literally: five - Baht

Q: How many kilo(gram) is this?
     อัน general quantifier for small objects
See in Dictionary
นี้ this
See in Dictionary
กี่ how many
See in Dictionary
กิโล kilometer; kilogram
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: Thing - this - how many - kilo(gram)?
A:  Five kilo(gram).
      ห้า 5
See in Dictionary
กิโล kilometer; kilogram
See in Dictionary

      Literally: five - kilo(gram)

Q: How many cups of coffee (do you) want?
     เอา take
See in Dictionary
กาแฟ coffee
See in Dictionary
กี่ how many
See in Dictionary
ถ้วย bowl, classifier for soup
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: Want- coffee - how many - cup?
A:  Five cups.
      ห้า 5
See in Dictionary
ถ้วย bowl, classifier for soup
See in Dictionary

      Literally: five - cup

Q: How many children (do you) have?
     มี have, own; include
See in Dictionary
ลูก child; ball, small round object; quantifier for children, round objects
See in Dictionary
กี่ how many
See in Dictionary
คน person, human; person
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: Have - children - how many - person?
A:  Five children.
      ห้า 5
See in Dictionary
คน person, human; person
See in Dictionary

      Literally: five - person

Q: How many days (do you) go?
     ไป go; too
See in Dictionary
กี่ how many
See in Dictionary
วัน day
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: go - how many - day?
A:  Five days.
      ห้า 5
See in Dictionary
วัน day
See in Dictionary

      Literally: five - day

How much/many per ... in Thai

The patterns for these questions in Thai are:
  • How [dimension] is [object] per [something]?
    [object] + [something] + ละ per; indicates state changes or situations about to change
    See in Dictionary
    + [dimension] + เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
    See in Dictionary
    ?
  • How many [unit] is [object] per [something]?
    [object] + [something] + ละ per; indicates state changes or situations about to change
    See in Dictionary
    + กี่ how many
    See in Dictionary
    + [unit]?

Examples

Q: How much is this per kilo?
     อัน general quantifier for small objects
See in Dictionary
นี้ this
See in Dictionary
กิโล kilometer; kilogram
See in Dictionary
ละ per; indicates state changes or situations about to change
See in Dictionary
เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: Thing - this - kilo(gram) - per - how much?

Q: How many Baht is this per kilo?
     อัน general quantifier for small objects
See in Dictionary
นี้ this
See in Dictionary
กิโล kilometer; kilogram
See in Dictionary
ละ per; indicates state changes or situations about to change
See in Dictionary
กี่ how many
See in Dictionary
บาท Baht (currency of Thailand)
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: Thing - this - kilo(gram) - per - how many - Baht?

Q: How much per person?
     คน person, human; person
See in Dictionary
ละ per; indicates state changes or situations about to change
See in Dictionary
เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: person - per - how much?

Q: How many Baht per person?
     คน person, human; person
See in Dictionary
ละ per; indicates state changes or situations about to change
See in Dictionary
กี่ how many
See in Dictionary
บาท Baht (currency of Thailand)
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: person - per - how many - Baht?

Q: How expensive per person?
     คน person, human; person
See in Dictionary
ละ per; indicates state changes or situations about to change
See in Dictionary
ราคา price
See in Dictionary
เท่าไหร่ how much; not quite
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: person - per - price - how much?
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