More Closed Questions in Thai
Have you...yet? Are you ready to ...? and other questions
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Lingo Ninja Research Team
4 min read · published May 28, 2021 · last update June 16, 2021

Closed Questions in Thai

Closed questions are questions, to which the reply has to come from a set of pre-defined responses. The Thai language has several patterns to form such questions. Each pattern requires a different type of response:
  • Yes/No questions
    Please read our separate article on yes/no questions
  • ...แล้วหรือยัง - questions
    (Have...already? / Have...yet?)
  • จะ...หรือยัง - questions
    (Do you want to ... yet? / Are you ready to ...?)
  • ...หรือเปล่า - or not questions referring to the past 
    (Did you ... or not?)
  • "Or" questions: A หรือ B? 
    (A or B?)
Note: It is up to you which polite particle you use. In this article. we substitute all polite particles with [pp].  To be more concise, our examples do not use polite particles except if they are required -- but you should definitely use them. The default particles are: ครับ polite word for men
See in Dictionary
for men and ค่ะ polite word for women
See in Dictionary
for women. In questions women use คะ question for women
See in Dictionary
.
For more options and details on how to use them, please refer to our article on Thai polite particles.

แล้วหรือยัง - Have...already? Have...yet? in Thai

The question is formed by appending แล้ว already; and, so
See in Dictionary
หรือ or; at the end of a yes or no question
See in Dictionary
ยัง not yet, still
See in Dictionary
at the end of a statement. แล้ว already; and, so
See in Dictionary
and หรือ or; at the end of a yes or no question
See in Dictionary
are sometimes dropped in spoken Thai. หรือ or; at the end of a yes or no question
See in Dictionary
can be replaced with the colloquial รึ or (colloqial)
See in Dictionary
:
To answer, you use the following pattern, in which statement is often shortened to the verb only or even dropped:

Examples

Q: Have (you) eaten yet?
     กิน eat
See in Dictionary
ข้าว rice, food
See in Dictionary
แล้ว already; and, so
See in Dictionary
หรือ or; at the end of a yes or no question
See in Dictionary
ยัง not yet, still
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: eat - rice - already - or - not yet
Q: Have (you) eaten yet?
     กิน eat
See in Dictionary
ข้าว rice, food
See in Dictionary
หรือ or; at the end of a yes or no question
See in Dictionary
ยัง not yet, still
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: eat - rice - or - not yet
Q: Have (you) eaten yet?
     กิน eat
See in Dictionary
ข้าว rice, food
See in Dictionary
ยัง not yet, still
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: eat - rice - not yet
A: Yes, (I have) eaten
    กิน eat
See in Dictionary
ข้าว rice, food
See in Dictionary
แล้ว already; and, so
See in Dictionary

    Literally: eat - rice - already
A: Yes, (I have) eaten
    กิน eat
See in Dictionary
แล้ว already; and, so
See in Dictionary

    Literally: eat - already
A: Yes
    แล้ว already; and, so
See in Dictionary

    Literally: already
A: No, I haven't
    ยัง not yet, still
See in Dictionary
ไม่ no, not
See in Dictionary
กิน eat
See in Dictionary

    Literally: not yet - not - eat
A: No
    ยัง not yet, still
See in Dictionary

    Literally: not yet

จะ...หรือยัง - Do you want to ... yet?

These questions follow the pattern:
The answers follow the pattern:

Examples

Q: Do you want to eat, yet?
     จะ will (in the future)
See in Dictionary
กิน eat
See in Dictionary
ข้าว rice, food
See in Dictionary
หรือ or; at the end of a yes or no question
See in Dictionary
ยัง not yet, still
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: will - eat - rice - or - not yet?
A:  Yes.
     กิน eat
See in Dictionary

     Literally: eat
A:  Yes, I do.
     จะ will (in the future)
See in Dictionary
กิน eat
See in Dictionary
แล้ว already; and, so
See in Dictionary

     Literally: will - eat - already
A: No
    ยัง not yet, still
See in Dictionary

    Literally: not yet
A: No, I don't
    ยัง not yet, still
See in Dictionary
ไม่ no, not
See in Dictionary
กิน eat
See in Dictionary

    Literally: not yet - not - eat

หรือเปล่า - or not-questions referring to the past

These questions are built exactly like normal หรือเปล่า - questions (see our article on yes/no questions), but if the verb is not a stative verb they require the use of ได้ can; get
See in Dictionary
after ไม่ no, not
See in Dictionary
:
Stative verb: a verb that can also be an adjective, e.g. เล็ก small
See in Dictionary
meaning "small" or "to be small"

Examples

Q: Did you tell him or not? (referring to the past)
     คุณ Ms, Mrs, Mr; you
See in Dictionary
บอก tell, inform
See in Dictionary
เขา he; she, they
See in Dictionary
หรือ or; at the end of a yes or no question
See in Dictionary
เปล่า plain, empty, blank
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: you - tell - he - or - not?
A:  Yes.
     บอก tell, inform
See in Dictionary
แล้ว already; and, so
See in Dictionary

     Literally: tell - already
A:  No.
     ไม่ no, not
See in Dictionary
ได้ can; get
See in Dictionary
บอก tell, inform
See in Dictionary

     Literally: not - did - tell
A:  No.
     เปล่า plain, empty, blank
See in Dictionary

     Literally: not
A:  No. I didn't.
     เปล่า plain, empty, blank
See in Dictionary
ครับ polite word for men
See in Dictionary
ไม่ no, not
See in Dictionary
ได้ can; get
See in Dictionary
บอก tell, inform
See in Dictionary

     Literally: not - polite - not - did - tell

Example - Stative Verb

Q: Was the room small or not? (referring to the past)
     ห้อง room, quantifier for rooms
See in Dictionary
เล็ก small
See in Dictionary
หรือ or; at the end of a yes or no question
See in Dictionary
เปล่า plain, empty, blank
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: room - small - or - not?
A:  Yes.
     เล็ก small
See in Dictionary

     Literally: small
A:  No.
     ไม่ no, not
See in Dictionary
เล็ก small
See in Dictionary

     Literally: not - small
A:  No.
     เปล่า plain, empty, blank
See in Dictionary

     Literally: not
A:  No. It wasn't.
     เปล่า plain, empty, blank
See in Dictionary
ครับ polite word for men
See in Dictionary
ไม่ no, not
See in Dictionary
เล็ก small
See in Dictionary

     Literally: not - polite - not - small

Or-questions in Thai

"Or" questions give you a choice between predefined options. They are also called alternative questions. In Thai, they are formed like this:
  • [option 1] + หรือ or; at the end of a yes or no question
    See in Dictionary
    + [option 2][pp]? (formal)
  • [option 1] + รึ or (colloqial)
    See in Dictionary
    + [option 2][pp]? (spoken)
To answer, you repeat the option of your choice.

Examples

Q: Do (you) want coffee or tea?
     เอา take
See in Dictionary
กาแฟ coffee
See in Dictionary
หรือ or; at the end of a yes or no question
See in Dictionary
น้ำ water; liquid
See in Dictionary
ชา tea
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: take - coffee - or - water - tea?
Q: Do (you) want coffee or tea?
     เอา take
See in Dictionary
กาแฟ coffee
See in Dictionary
รึ or (colloqial)
See in Dictionary
น้ำ water; liquid
See in Dictionary
ชา tea
See in Dictionary
?
     Literally: take - coffee - or - water - tea?
A:  Coffee
     เอา take
See in Dictionary
กาแฟ coffee
See in Dictionary

     Literally: take - coffee
A:  Tea
     เอา take
See in Dictionary
น้ำ water; liquid
See in Dictionary
ชา tea
See in Dictionary

     Literally: take - water - tea

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